If you have been found guilty of a criminal offence, the Court may sometimes issue you with a Detention Order rather than sentence you to imprisonment. While similar to imprisonment in the sense that you will be confined to a certain place for a period of time, certain Detention Orders – if successfully completed – do not leave you with a criminal record.
Also referred to as community-based sentences, a Detention Order combines punishment with rehabilitation and is usually issued to low-risk offenders for less serious crimes. Detention Orders are generally monitored and managed by the Commissioner of Prisons.
Here are the different types of Detention Orders you may be served with and what they entail in Singapore:
Detention Order (DO) for youths
This is only applicable to young offenders below the age of 16. The Youth Court may issue a DO to detain the individual for up to 6 months, until they are rehabilitated, or reach 18. Should the Youth Court impose a DO together with a Probation Order, the detention period should not exceed 3 months. The DO may be extended, however, if further offences are committed during the initial detention period.
During the DO, the youth offender will reside in a place of detention such as the Singapore Boys’ Home or Singapore Girls’ Home, and undergo academic and rehabilitative programmes so that they may have the best chance of reintegrating back into society. There is no criminal record for a DO.
Weekend Detention Order (WDO)
Also applicable only to young offenders under 16, a WDO requires the individual to report to a place of detention for up to 26 weekends – defined as from 3pm on Saturdays till 5pm on Sundays. Outside of these hours, the youth can continue attending school or work as per normal. Similar to a DO, the youth offender will undergo academic and rehabilitative programmes to prepare them for a return to society. There is no criminal record for a WDO.
Should the youth offender fail to report to their place of detention without reasonable cause, fail to comply with any of the conditions of the WDO, or commit another offence, possible consequences include:
- The Court making a new order against the offender, such as probation
- Being issued with a full-time DO rather than just a WDO
Short Detention Order (SDO)
Depending on the circumstances of the case, the nature of the offence, and the character of the offender, the Court may choose to impose an SDO rather than a prison sentence. An SDO detains the offender in prison for a period of up to 14 days, but the main difference between an SDO and imprisonment is that, if properly served, an SDO does not leave a criminal record.
However, should the offender breach the SDO or fail to comply with any of its conditions, a prison sentence may be imposed instead.
Home Detention Order (HDO)
It’s important to note that HDOs are only issued to offenders who have already been handed prison sentences – rather than serving their sentence in prison, a HDO allows them to serve their jail time at home once they have completed at least 4 weeks in prison. This means there will already be a criminal record.
Sometimes referred to as house arrest, a HDO should not exceed 12 months, and requires the offender to:
- Follow strict curfews and remain within their residence during the times specified in the HDO
- Attend counselling, therapy, or psychological assessment
- Provide a urine or hair specimen for testing at any point when asked
- Be electronically monitored at all times
Should there be failure to comply, the HDO can be revoked and the offender will have to serve the rest of their sentence in prison.
Preventive Detention Order
Preventive Detention Orders are considered a very severe form of punishment. The Court usually issues these types of orders against offenders who have a high risk of re-offending and pose a danger to the public. A separate regimen from imprisonment, Preventive Detention Orders are enforced on recalcitrant offenders of at least 30 years of age, and the sentence can last between 7 to 20 years.
There are 3 stages to a Preventive Detention Order:
- Stage one: the offender is treated like any other inmate
- Stage two: small privileges are granted such as sending and receiving of letters, or having visitors
- Stage three: the offender is allowed to gradually transition back into the community, perhaps through modified imprisonment conditions
Note that there is Preventive Detention Order under the Internal Security Act (ISA) for offenders suspected of activities that threaten Singapore’s national security, but this is only used as a last resort.
Detention without trial
Under section 30 of the Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Act (CLTPA), the Minister for Home Affairs can allow the detention of suspected criminals without trial for up to 12 months as long as it is deemed necessary to protect public safety, peace, and good order.
Criminal activities that can lead to detention without trial tend to be gang-related, and include:
- Unlicensed moneylending
- Drug trafficking
- Human trafficking
- Robbery with firearms
Detention without trial is only applicable for offenders aged 18 and above who have been associated with certain specified criminal activities, detention without trial will apply as long as the Minister for Home Affairs deems it is in the interests of public safety, peace and good order.
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